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Issue 45: Error on iOS SDK 5.0 when calling open(&handle);
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Reported by tso...@gmail.com, Jun 9, 2011
Following code (opening a handel with C library dlfcn.h) was working find till iOS 4.3.3 

----------
void *handle = dlopen("/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/WiFiManager.bundle/WiFiManager", RTLD_LAZY);
	
    int (*open)(void *) = dlsym(handle, "Apple80211Open");
    int (*bind)(void *, CFStringRef) = dlsym(handle, "Apple80211BindToInterface");
    int (*close)(void *) = dlsym(handle, "Apple80211Close");        
    int (*scan)(void *, CFArrayRef *, void *) = dlsym(handle, "Apple80211Scan");
    
    open(&handle);    
    bind(handle, CFSTR("en0"));   
    CFDictionaryRef parameters = CFDictionaryCreateMutable(NULL, 0, &kCFTypeDictionaryKeyCallBacks, &kCFTypeDictionaryValueCallBacks);    
    CFArrayRef networks;    
    scan(handle, &networks, parameters);

----------
With new SDK 5.0 on beta getting following error, 
Is there any one who have found a solution on this?

Errors:
warning: check_safe_call: could not restore current frame
warning: Unable to restore previously selected frame.

Jun 14, 2011
#1 Maxime.U...@gmail.com
Hello, 

I'm in a kind of same situation here ... But my error is that the image is not found ... Because Apple change the location of their private framework ... I'm now looking for the new location of the WifiManager in order to update my app .... 
If I found something i'll share it ! 

Have Fun ! 

MaX
Jun 15, 2011
#2 sebastia...@web.de
Has anyone found a solution for this?

This is what I have found out so far:

libHandle = dlopen("/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/WiFiManager.bundle/WiFiManager", RTLD_LAZY);
now returns always NULL

Just like in older iOS version, this works again now:
libHandle = dlopen("/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/MobileWiFi.framework/MobileWiFi", RTLD_LAZY);

So maybe they have switched back to the old location of the framework.
However, using these old functions results in a crash:

open = dlsym(libHandle, "Apple80211Open");
bind = dlsym(libHandle, "Apple80211BindToInterface");
close = dlsym(libHandle, "Apple80211Close");
scan = dlsym(libHandle, "Apple80211Scan");
        
open(&airportHandle);
bind(airportHandle, @"en0");

Sebastian

Jun 28, 2011
#3 Philip.B...@gmail.com
Any news so far? Im currently working on the same Issue.
Jun 30, 2011
#4 sebastia...@web.de
Calling nm on WifiManager returns the result below. However, I was not able to put this together to something meaningful:

         U _CFAbsoluteTimeGetCurrent
         U _CFAllocatorAllocate
         U _CFAllocatorDeallocate
         U _CFArrayAppendValue
         U _CFArrayApplyFunction
         U _CFArrayCreate
         U _CFArrayCreateMutable
         U _CFArrayGetCount
         U _CFArrayGetFirstIndexOfValue
         U _CFArrayGetValueAtIndex
         U _CFBooleanGetTypeID
         U _CFDataCreateWithBytesNoCopy
         U _CFDataGetBytePtr
         U _CFDataGetBytes
         U _CFDataGetLength
         U _CFDataGetTypeID
         U _CFDateCompare
         U _CFDictionaryContainsKey
         U _CFDictionaryCreate
         U _CFDictionaryCreateCopy
         U _CFDictionaryCreateMutable
         U _CFDictionaryCreateMutableCopy
         U _CFDictionaryGetCount
         U _CFDictionaryGetKeysAndValues
         U _CFDictionaryGetTypeID
         U _CFDictionaryGetValue
         U _CFDictionaryRemoveValue
         U _CFDictionarySetValue
         U _CFEqual
         U _CFGetTypeID
         U _CFHash
         U _CFMachPortCreate
         U _CFMachPortCreateRunLoopSource
         U _CFMachPortGetPort
         U _CFMachPortInvalidate
         U _CFNumberCreate
         U _CFNumberGetTypeID
         U _CFNumberGetValue
         U _CFPropertyListCreateFromXMLData
         U _CFPropertyListWriteToStream
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         U _CFRunLoopAddSource
         U _CFRunLoopRemoveSource
         U _CFSetAddValue
         U _CFSetApplyFunction
         U _CFSetContainsValue
         U _CFSetCreate
         U _CFSetCreateMutable
         U _CFStringAppendFormat
         U _CFStringCompare
         U _CFStringCreateExternalRepresentation
         U _CFStringCreateFromExternalRepresentation
         U _CFStringCreateMutable
         U _CFStringCreateWithFormat
         U _CFStringGetCStringPtr
         U _CFStringGetTypeID
         U _CFWriteStreamClose
         U _CFWriteStreamCopyProperty
         U _CFWriteStreamCreateWithAllocatedBuffers
         U _CFWriteStreamOpen
         U _EAPTLSRemoveTrustExceptionsBindings
         U _IOMasterPort
         U _IOObjectRelease
         U _IORegistryEntrySearchCFProperty
         U _IOServiceGetMatchingService
         U _IOServiceMatching
         U _MKBDeviceUnlockedSinceBoot
         U _MKBGetDeviceLockState
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         U _NDR_record
         U _SCError
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         U _SCLog
         U _SCPreferencesApplyChanges
         U _SCPreferencesCommitChanges
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         U _SCPreferencesSynchronize
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00005474 T _WiFiDeviceClientScanCancel
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000015c8 T _WiFiMIGMachPortScheduleWithRunLoop
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000049dc T _WiFiManagerClientAddNetwork
000046e0 T _WiFiManagerClientCopyDevices
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00004acc T _WiFiManagerClientCopyMisPassword
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000048f8 T _WiFiManagerClientEnableNetwork
00004778 T _WiFiManagerClientGetAskToJoinState
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00005ecc T _WiFiNetworkCompareNoSecurity
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00006524 T _WiFiNetworkIsApplePersonalHotspot
000059d4 T _WiFiNetworkIsCaptive
000060f0 T _WiFiNetworkIsEAP
0000597c T _WiFiNetworkIsEnabled
00007078 T _WiFiNetworkIsHidden
00007040 T _WiFiNetworkIsHiddenSSID
00005b28 T _WiFiNetworkIsMultiAPEnvironment
00005a9c T _WiFiNetworkIsWAPI
00005a7c T _WiFiNetworkIsWAPICERT
00005a8c T _WiFiNetworkIsWAPIPSK
000059a8 T _WiFiNetworkIsWEP
00005fec T _WiFiNetworkIsWPA
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000071ec T _WiFiNetworkMerge
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00006178 T _WiFiNetworkRequiresUsername
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00006bbc T _WiFiNetworkSetDirectedState
00006bf0 T _WiFiNetworkSetFloatProperty
00006c50 T _WiFiNetworkSetIntProperty
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00006c38 T _WiFiNetworkSetNetworkUsage
00006f70 T _WiFiNetworkSetPassword
00006680 T _WiFiNetworkSetProperty
00006b88 T _WiFiNetworkSetWEP
00006784 T _WiFiNetworkSetWPA
00005cbc T _WiFiNetworkSortNetworksByLastUsedDate
000065f8 T _WiFiNetworkSortNetworksByUsageTime
00001538 T _WiFiPortCacheAdd
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0000765c T _WiFiSecurityCopyPassword
00007808 T _WiFiSecurityRemovePassword
000078b0 T _WiFiSecuritySetPassword
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00001398 T __WiFiCreateRecordsFromNetworks
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000051e4 T __WiFiDeviceClientDispatchRemovalEvent
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00005a04 T __WiFiNetworkSetState
00000d1c T __WiFiPreferencesLock
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00000d78 T __WiFiScale
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0000105c T __WiFiSerialize
000010cc T __WiFiUnserializeAndVMDealloc
00001afc t __Xwifi_manager_client_dispatch_association_result
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00001a14 t __Xwifi_manager_client_dispatch_scan_results
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         U ___CFConstantStringClassReference
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00003f90 t ___WiFiManagerClientGetServerPort
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000027c8 T _wifi_manager_update_network
         U dyld_stub_binder

Jul 29, 2011
#5 mattvlas...@gmail.com
I too ran into this issue when testing on iOS 5 beta 4.  Has anyone made any progress with this since the last post?

I am going to scour a jailed iOS 5 device to see if anything turns up on there...
Oct 13, 2011
#6 c...@crimtec.com
Has anybody made any progress?  I need to reproduce the functionality of

Apple80211Open
Apple80211Close
Apple80211BindToInterface
Apple80211Associate
Apple80211Scan
Apple80211GetInfoCopy

I guess 

_wifi_manager_open
_wifi_manager_close

are obvious. How about binding to en0?




Oct 13, 2011
#7 robestra...@gmail.com
Previously to the WifiManager.framework the MobileWifi.framework was used, am I wrong? But symbols do not match...
Oct 14, 2011
#8 tso...@gmail.com
Hi sebastia...@web.de. It looks you got some good progress.
can you please share how did you managed to get above result from WifiManager?
I started again to figure out a solution.
Oct 14, 2011
#9 iwha...@gmail.com
The new "Airport Utility" app from Apple probably uses the new Framework. It seems to be scanning for Airport Base stations. Maybe we can decompile the app and see what it does?
Oct 14, 2011
#10 fop...@impactzero.pt
iwhacko that was actually a very good idea.

Here's a "nm AirPort" to see if it makes sense to anyone (a lot of WifiManager* functions)

http://pastebin.com/WSNRvWv1
Oct 14, 2011
#11 iwha...@gmail.com
I've had some experience with decompiling OSX apps, will try to see what I can do with the iPhone app. But that must wait until the weekend. Until then, if someone else feels like it, go ahead.
Oct 14, 2011
#12 robestra...@gmail.com
I've tried using class_dump on MobileWifi, but that was pretty useless, all I've got was an empty header file.
Oct 14, 2011
#13 iwha...@gmail.com
Then the framework is probably compiled in C instead of Objective-C. Those are pretty difficult to reverse engineer.
Oct 17, 2011
#15 robestra...@gmail.com
Has anyone made progress on this? I got stuck when class-dump failed and haven't got any time to check the links that #14 provided, thanks for them anyway I'll check them out.
Oct 19, 2011
#16 agrana...@gmail.com
It seems like someone already figured it out. WiFiFoFum (an app for wifi scanning) has an update for the jailbreak community that claims it has been fixed to work with iOS 5:

http://www.pokmol.com/download-wififofum-app-for-ios-5-wifi-detector-analyzer-for-iphone/

I wonder how they did it.
Oct 19, 2011
#17 iwha...@gmail.com
that makes it easier (a bit) instead of reversing the aiport utility, which is signed, we can decompile the unsigned wififofum app :P
Oct 19, 2011
#18 robestra...@gmail.com
Reversing WiFiFofum I found that is using the IPConfiguration.bundle instead of WiFiManager.bundle, did an nm et voila, the Apple80211Functions were there. 

Can anyone confirm if they work right out of the box with the existing code? I have no iOS 5 device at hand...
Oct 19, 2011
#19 iwha...@gmail.com
I can try... 
libHandle = dlopen("/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/WiFiManager", RTLD_LAZY);

does this look alright? I havent fully reversed WifiFofum yet.. ran class-dump but it crashes, and OTX only gave me ARM ASM with some Methodnames
Oct 19, 2011
#20 robestra...@gmail.com
Try libHandle = dlopen("/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/IPConfiguration", RTLD_LAZY);
Oct 19, 2011
#21 iwha...@gmail.com
Hehe ofcourse... it doesn't crash. However, it doesn't seem to return any results on a non-jailbroken device. The log says:

deny system-socket
Oct 19, 2011
#22 c...@crimtec.com
On iOS 5 I just tried

libHandle = dlopen("/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/IPConfiguration", RTLD_LAZY);

My app doesn't crash and libHandle and all the function pointers ( i.e. open = dlsym(libHandle, "Apple80211Open");) are non NULL.  But when I scan for access points the returned array is nil.  I took a shot at binding to en1 but that didn't change anything.

Oct 19, 2011
#23 nin...@gmail.com
Anyone else had success with IOS 5.0 X?

I'm two days and this little success. I tried to put IPConfiguration Apple80211Open returns null.
Oct 19, 2011
#24 agrana...@gmail.com
I tried it on a non-jailbroken device and also get "deny system-socket" when performing the scan. Have anyone had a chance to try it out on a jailbroken one?
Oct 20, 2011
#25 iwha...@gmail.com
@robestra (18), could you perhaps share the steps you took, to find that WiFiFofum uses the IPConfiguration bundle? This will help me understand a bit more about the process, and maybe I can use it if we still need to reverse the Airport Utility.

Also, you used "nm" on the IPConfiguration.bundle on the device itself?

If we can figure all of this out, it will make the process easier in the future.

Oct 20, 2011
#26 robestra...@gmail.com
I simply took notepad++ and opened the wififofum binary and looked for Apple80211Functions names on the file and the path to the bundles and found it. 

I have no idea if arguments or return types are still the same...

The nm I did was over a dumped IPConfiguration bundle of an iPhone 4 GSM ipsw file, you only have to unzip it and decrypt the heavier dmg with a tool lke iDecrypt. Keys for the rootfs dmgs can be found putting their filenames at google.
Oct 20, 2011
#27 iwha...@gmail.com
alright, thanks for the info, I will check it out after work :)
Oct 20, 2011
#28 iwha...@gmail.com
Hmm I just noticed, that after running an App which tries to use the api, that my 3G Data Connection seems to crash. No more internet on my phone, have to reboot for it to work again. So I think the API is not completely the same as it was.
Oct 20, 2011
#29 fop...@gmail.com
Just to share... I simply replaced the old framework path with the new one and everything works great. Don't know why you guys are getting crashes.
Oct 20, 2011
#30 iwha...@gmail.com
Jailbreak or not?
Oct 21, 2011
#32 jeunghwa...@gmail.com
Apple80211Scan function is working but returns null.  
Does anybody know?
Oct 23, 2011
#33 robestra...@gmail.com
It finally works properly or not?
Oct 26, 2011
#34 c...@crimtec.com
I still haven't gotten the scan to work on iOS 5 with a non jailbroken phone.  Any idea's?  I can't run with a jailbroken phone for work reasons.
Oct 26, 2011
#35 agrana...@gmail.com
I have verified that using the IPConfiguration framework works for jailbroken phones, but for non-jailbroken phones I still get the "deny system-socket" error when invoking the Apple80211Scan() function. And same as #28, under certain circumstances, the 3G data connection breaks after using the API and only a reboot will fix it. Don't know why, though.
Oct 26, 2011
#36 agrana...@gmail.com
By the way, one the persons collaborating with me as a beta tester discovered that the issue with the 3G data connection may be related to using SemiTether (0.7.9-1) in his jailbroken phone. After he removed SemiTether from his phone he didn't have any more issues with 3G no matter what he did. I wonder if that's the case also in #28. 
Oct 26, 2011
#37 iwha...@gmail.com
no, i don't have mine jailbroken.
Oct 27, 2011
#38 m.wazowski.00@gmail.com
@agrana... But I'm using IPConfig framework with a JB iPhone, and scan function is returning null, so it is not working, isnĀ“t it? Have you managed to make a good wifi scan in a JB iPhone?

I have send some emails to wififofum develoeprs or contact persons but I have no answer from them.

I can test in both kind of iPhone, JB and not, so feel free to share what you have in order to test anything new.

I have change some libs and frameworks from 4.3.3 to 5.0 so if I get some good news I'll post it here.

I jhave notice, that IPConfig terminal command is working properly through SSH terminal, was this command working in iPhone JB before iOS 5?
Oct 27, 2011
#39 iwha...@gmail.com
iPseedtouched also seems to use the new API location. http://fopina.co.cc/

It would suck if the framework is not accessible from a non jailbroken device. But Then again, Airport Utility also scans for networks.
Oct 27, 2011
#40 m.wazowski.00@gmail.com
Hi again, can anybody explain how to use the nm commands? please. I have both devices iPhone 4 and iPhone 4 JB, I,m lokking for changes between 4.3.5 and iOS5 WiFiManager frameworks.

Other thing, looking at WiFiFofum binary, I have seen some references to WFManager Class. I have seen the same kind of names at WiFiPicker framework. 
Oct 27, 2011
#41 m.wazowski.00@gmail.com
Hi again and again...

I have seen that WiFi Analyzer claims that is fixed to iOS 5. I'm trying to contact developer for more info.
Oct 31, 2011
#42 tso...@gmail.com
Hi, is any body here finally get it working. Please share for future response. 
Nov 2, 2011
#43 wurze...@googlemail.com
Hi, could it be possible to use this methods in MobileWiFi.framework(found with nm MobileWiFi):
00002960 T _wifi_device_scan_async
0000270c T _wifi_manager_close
00001cec T _wifi_manager_open

Could it be possilbe that they are quite simmilar to the Apple802Functions, but don't need to bind any longer?
(I mean a device running iOS usualy has only one WiFi-Chip hasn't it?)

Nov 2, 2011
#44 iwha...@gmail.com
It seems like Airport Utility also uses MobileWiFi.framework. I however have no jailbroken phone with iOS5 so I cannot decrypt the binary and run a classdump on it. 
Nov 3, 2011
#46 mabst...@googlemail.com
Where did the comment(which was #45) from the WiFiFoFum Developer go?????

Which API can you recommend?
Nov 3, 2011
#47 iwha...@gmail.com
to quote the missing message:

"Hi dev of WiFiFoFum here! You used to be able to use the WiFiManager in a non jailbroken app with the   com.apple.wifi.manager-access entitlement, similar to how you give your app keychain access or get-task-allow for ad hoc builds. Since about Xcode 4.1 you can no longer give that entitlement to your app because Xcode throws an error invalid entitlement when you try to deploy. Currently the only way to use WiFI in OS 5 is to deploy to /Applications in a jailbroken environment and there are several APIs you can use that offer various different features."

I can confirm that the Apple Airport Utility has this entitlement in the Entitlements.plist. I'll try to see If i can make a build using an old sdk tonight, since it apparently doesnt work with xcode 4
Nov 6, 2011
#48 mabst...@googlemail.com
Can any body tell me if its possible to get the method signature of WiFiDeviceScanAsync?

If yes how can i do this?

I want to try if that Method (in the MobileWifi.framework) works...
Nov 10, 2011
#49 kiichi.t...@objectgraph.com
I just test it with my non-jailbreak phone, iOS5:

[Crushed - image not found error]
/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/WiFiManager
/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/WiFiManager.bundle/WiFiManager

[Crushed with warning] 
warning: check_safe_call: could not restore current frame
warning: Unable to restore previously selected frame.
/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/MobileWiFi.framework/MobileWiFi

[Did not crush but it returns zero]
/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/IPConfiguration
Nov 10, 2011
#50 csiloua...@googlemail.com
Hello their I just update my iPad to iOS5 and xCode to 4.2 and run again my previews application with searching AP. I have the same problem.  
I try all these paths and I realize that no one can do anything.. So I have the same problem too.. 
I am looking forward to listen from you guys some solutions because I realize that your experts. 

I am using a non-jailbreak iOS too, and I can't do it because of my work. Thanks all of you for the above info.. 
However if I can try anything and in my device (iPad 2) let me know.. 
good luck!
Nov 11, 2011
#51 jaga...@gmail.com
Substituting "/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/WiFiManager.bundle/WiFiManager" with
"/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/IPConfiguration"  works.

However per  http://blog.guvenergokce.com/iphone-wireless-scanner-ios5/170/ we need a jailbroken device.

However during our tests we found that issuing the stop command from the XCODE debugger seems to get the scan results even on non-jailbroken devices. Is there a way to send a SIGINT inside the code and add a handler to catch the signal to mimic the GDB stop. This could work around needing root permissions.

Nov 11, 2011
#52 nin...@gmail.com
How can I do to run GDB in sending the SIGINT dear friend "Comment 51:
Nov 16, 2011
#53 c...@crimtec.com
I don't know anything about this stuff but I thought of something that I'm now wondering about.  Like many of you I need to run my app on a non-jailbroken iPhone. But....  What if I had a jailbroken iPhone. Is it possible to copy the WiFiManager or IPConfiguration dylib off the iPhone and include it as a resource in my Xcode project.  Then when running on a non-jailbroken iPhone, use the version from my app bundle.  I don't know if this is even possible and if so does it get around the permissions problem?
Nov 17, 2011
#54 Yan.P.B...@gmail.com
Seems currently all the applications(include those in APP store) are not available for iOS5. Anyhow, the hint is Airport Utility is able to do the scan...
Hope we can find new solution soon for not Jail breaked iPhones.
Nov 18, 2011
#55 iwha...@gmail.com
Airport Utility, uses the string in the entitlements.plist, but it's
impossible to put the app on the device with that string.
Nov 23, 2011
#56 c...@crimtec.com
So anybody have a response to my Comment #53?
Nov 27, 2011
#57 nin...@gmail.com
Today I found the debug that Apple uses the "/System/Library/SystemConfiguration/WiFiManager.bundle/WiFiManager"  
Nov 29, 2011
#58 csiloua...@googlemail.com
At comment 57: My friend this does not work with iOS 5. it crashes me when I use this path.
So is not the solution. I don't know if solution will exist (for non jailbreak iOS devices).
Jan 23, 2012
#60 garcia.i...@gmail.com
Anyone have updates regarding this? Are there any hope for non-jailbreaking users?
Apr 10, 2012
#61 yupeng...@gmail.com
hi everyone, i tested /System/Library/SystemConfiguration/IPConfiguration.bundle/IPConfiguration, i can get rssi from  Apple80211GetInfoCopy and it need not jailbreak your ios, but i doesn't test other APIs.

My devices are ipad2-ios5.0.1 and ipad2-ios5.1.
Apr 17, 2012
#62 malek.ma...@gmail.com
Could anyone please confirm yupengs findings?

If anyone could test if https://code.google.com/p/iphone-wireless/wiki/Apple80211Scan works with 5.0.1 and 5.1 I would be greatful.
Apr 17, 2012
#63 agrana...@gmail.com
Apple80211Scan works with 5.0.1 and 5.1 but only on jailbreak devices. On non-jailbreak devices you still get the "deny system-socket" due to sandboxing.
Apr 17, 2012
#64 malek.ma...@gmail.com
Thanks for the answer
Apr 23, 2012
#65 specktas...@gmail.com
Has anyone managed to get the Apple80211Associate method to work?
I can successfully run Apple80211Open, Apple80211Close, Apple80211BindToInterface, Apple80211Scan, and Apple80211GetInfoCopy on my jailbroken device thanks to http://blog.guvenergokce.com/iphone-wireless-scanner-ios5/170/ but I can't seem to associate to a network; any help would be much appreciated 
(going through https://code.google.com/p/iphone-wireless/issues/detail?id=20 did not solve my problem).
Apr 25, 2012
#66 chexinsh...@gmail.com
Apple80211Scan can not work on jailbreak devics with ios 5.0.1 and ios 5.1, I use the sample from http://blog.guvenergokce.com/iphone-wireless-scanner-ios5/170/.
Jun 11, 2012
#67 ans...@affle.com
unable to scan wifi using Apple80211Scan with iOS 5.1.0. Did someone manage to make it work.

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